UPSC Civil Services Examination is one of the toughest examinations in the World (not to feel very proud of that) because I personally feel that it does not actually test what is required in a particular officer. So UPSC does not know what it is actually doing. What it knows is that there are around 6 lakh students applying for the examination and they have to eliminate all candidates and make a list of 1000 odd aspirants every year. PERIOD.
Why am I mentioning all this in this article? It should not happen that your dad or dad’s friend or a chacha-bhateeja asked you to write this exam and you leave everything to start preparing for this exam. Understand first what you want from this exam. Which services? I am always asked if you had cleared the examination, you should have taken any service given to you. That’s impossible for me but it may be OK for some. It is a matter of preferences. So understand what is in store before you attempt the examination.
In this post, we will briefly understand the Jobs/Services to which you will be allocated based on the results of the Civil Services Examination. Their could be mistakes which are not deliberate in this document. At least, I am taking efforts to consolidate this here. This is actually the job of UPSC but this commission is inefficient. (mostly senile people enjoying their retirement)
GROUP A SERVICES
INDIAN ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICE (IAS)
It is the only generalist service and thus most sought after by all aspirants. If you are a general merit candidate, you must be well within Rank 90 to get into IAS. IAS officers serve both the Central and State Governments and almost all the departments and ministries are headed by IAS officers. They are at the apex and are close to the ministers and people’s representatives.
Example designations: District Commissioner, Secretary to Government of India, Ministry of XYZ, Health Commissioner, Managing Director, Bangalore Metro Rail Corporation, Secretary, National AIDS Control Organisation, etc.
You can see that there is a lot of job variability in this service. So, it could be fun for some people who do not like monotonous jobs. These officers have a lot of power and status since the protocol and the job functions sometimes require many to obey the orders of an IAS officer. They come in contact with all kinds of people.
INDIAN POLICE SERVICE (IPS)
Maintenance of Law and Order is the main function of these officers. It is a uniformed service with decorations. Due to the complex nature of fraud today, IPS also is offering job variability. Narcotics, Cyber Crime, Intelligence, Juvenile Crime, etc are the variations that one can experience in his or her career. IPS officers also head the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF). These armed forces have varied responsibilities from guarding the country’s borders to protecting industrial installations to protecting the Prime Minister. IPS officers command a lot of power due to the nature of the service. They come in contact with many criminals and also other citizens.
INDIAN FOREIGN SERVICE (IFS)
These officers represent our country in other countries. Our country has set up embassies and consulates worldwide. They also represent our country in International bodies like United Nations. Their task is to maintain friendly relations with various countries. They have to maintain Brand India globally. They are also posted in the Ministry of External Affairs in Delhi where most International Policy decisions are taken in what is known as South Block where the ministry is housed.
They get a variable pay when posted abroad to cover the difference in their purchasing power. Maintaining trade relations, cultural relations, academic relations, military relations, etc are again done by these officers. So, they are in touch with the IAS officers, Army officers, etc to coordinate such relations. They are also required to learn foreign languages. The safety and well being of Indians staying abroad is also the responsibility of these officers. I have heard that they get to attend a lot of parties 🙂
INDIAN REVENUE SERVICE (IT) (IRS-IT)
These officers generate revenue for the Government through income tax. All taxes on income are to be collected in time to meet the expenditure of the government. Of late, lot of technology is also being used in this domain. So, these officers are now required to understand technology too. Both income generated at personal level and at the corporate level are to be assessed and levied by this department. These officers come in contact of many wealthy people who try to conceal their wealth 🙂 They are nowadays also put on election duty to monitor the expenditure of various candidates.
INDIAN REVENUE SERVICE (CBEC) (IRS-Customs)
Central Board of Excise and Customs (CBEC) is a part of the Department of Revenue under the Ministry of Finance, Government of India. The officers in this department deal with the tasks of formulation of policy concerning levy and collection of Customs & Central Excise duties and Service Tax, prevention of smuggling and administration of matters relating to Customs, Central Excise, Service Tax and Narcotics to the extent under CBEC’s purview. The Board is the administrative authority for its subordinate organizations, including Custom Houses, Central Excise and Service Tax Commissionerates and the Central Revenues Control Laboratory. Customs officers that you see in the airports work under an IRS officer.
INDIAN AUDIT AND ACCOUNT SERVICE (IAAS)
Indian Audit and Accounts Department (IAAD) assists a constitutional authority called CAG (Comptroller and Auditor General) in fulfilment of his constitutional duties. Indian Audit and Accounts Service (IAAS) officers serve as the top management of audit department. Audit means to check for inconsistencies, etc. IAAS officers derive their independence from the CAG’s constitutional independence and work free of political pressures unlike any other Government departments. IAAS Officers work closely with the Union and State government departments for efficient audit.
INDIAN INFORMATION SERVICE (IIS)
These officers manage government’s print media, electronic media, advertising needs of ministries and act as press advisors. They control official media. They get to work for the management of Doordarshan and All India Radio. They work under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.
INDIAN CIVIL ACCOUNT SERVICES (ICAS)
The separation of audit from accounts at the Central level has led to the creation of this service. These officers maintain the accounts of the government. Public Financial Management is what you do as an ICAS officer. Thus they manage receipts, payments, pension, accounting and financial reporting and internal audit in the civil ministries.
INDIAN CORPORATE LAW SERVICE (ICLS)
These officers regulate the corporate sector in the country. They are vested with the implementation of Companies Act and Limited Liability Partnership Act. Whether the companies are running according to the provisions of the government is what these officers monitor.
INDIAN TRADE SERVICE (ITS)
These officers handle India’s international trade and commerce. They also formulate India’s Foreign Trade Policy. They also participate in the international trade negotiations at multilateral forum like World Trade Organisation. Export promotion, quality checks, etc are some other functions.
INDIAN DEFENCE ESTATE SERVICE (IDES)
Ministry of Defence is the biggest land holder among all the ministries of the Government of India. Managing this land optimally is the task of IDES officers. They are also appointed as CEOs of Cantonment Boards to look after the civil affairs in the cantonment.
INDIAN DEFENCE ACCOUNT SERVICE (IDAS)
These officers provide financial advice, payment accounting, and internal audit functions in respect of Army, Navy, Air Force, Ordinance factories, DRDO, BRO, Canteen Stores Department and allied organisations.
INDIAN ORDINANCE FACTORIES SERVICE (IOFS)
Ordinance factories manufacture defence equipment. There are more than 1.5 lakh employees working in such factories. The administration of these factories is done by IOFS officers.
INDIAN POSTAL SERVICE
These officers manage and monitor the postal services in our country. There are many employees serving in this department and post offices are located everywhere in the country. So government uses these post offices to provide other services also.
INDIAN POSTAL AND TELECOMMUNICATION ACCOUNTS AND FINANCE SERVICE
This is related to the department of posts. These officers maintain the accounts and finance of the department as there are many employees and offices.
INDIAN RAILWAY ACCOUNT SERVICE (IRAS)
Indian railways is also one of the largest government employer and it has the monopoly of providing rail services in the country, IRAS officers maintain railway accounts.
INDIAN RAILWAY PERSONNEL SERVICE (IRPS)
These officers are like the HR of Railways.
INDIAN RAILWAY TRAFFIC SERVICE (IRTS)
These officers manage the passenger and cargo traffic of Indian Railways.
RAILWAY PROTECTION FORCE (RPF)
These officers serve as security commissioners in the Railway Protection Force.
ARMED FORCES HEADQUARTERS CIVIL SERVICE (AFHQ)
The officers of AFHQ contribute significantly in the functioning of Armed Forces Headquarters/Inter Service Organizations except those relating to technical and combat aspects in respect of the Armed Forces. You start off as a section officer and thus Group B. B is lower in hierarchy than A 🙂
DELHI, ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLAND CIVIL SERVICE (DANICS)
Delhi is NCT and Andaman and Nicobar is also a Union Territory. The administrative aspects of these territories are taken care by the officers of DANICS.
DELHI, ANDAMAN AND NICOBAR ISLAND POLICE SERVICE (DANIPS)
Similarly, law and order aspects of these territories are taken up by DANIPS
PONDICHERRY CIVIL SERVICE
Same as DANICS but for union territory of Pondicherry
PONDICHERRY POLICE SERVICE
Same as DANIPS but for union territory of Pondicherry